《通链参考手册》


Function SET-DISPATCH-MACRO-CHARACTER, GET-DISPATCH-MACRO-CHARACTER

●语法设定:

get-dispatch-macro-character disp-char sub-char &optional readtable => function

set-dispatch-macro-character disp-char sub-char new-function &optional readtable => t

●参数和值:

disp-char---a character.

sub-char---a character.

readtable---a readtable designator. The default is the current readtable.

function---a function designator or nil.

new-function---a function designator.

●详情:

set-dispatch-macro-character causes new-function to be called when disp-char followed by sub-char is read. If sub-char is a lowercase letter, it is converted to its uppercase equivalent. It is an error if sub-char is one of the ten decimal digits.

set-dispatch-macro-character installs a new-function to be called when a particular dispatching macro character pair is read. New-function is installed as the dispatch function to be called when readtable is in use and when disp-char is followed by sub-char.

For more information about how the new-function is invoked, see Section 2.1.4.4 (Macro Characters).

get-dispatch-macro-character retrieves the dispatch function associated with disp-char and sub-char in readtable.

get-dispatch-macro-character returns the macro-character function for sub-char under disp-char, or nil if there is no function associated with sub-char. If sub-char is a decimal digit, get-dispatch-macro-character returns nil.

●例子:

 (get-dispatch-macro-character #\# #\{) =>  NIL
 (set-dispatch-macro-character #\# #\{        ;dispatch on #{
    #'(lambda(s c n)
        (let ((list (read s nil (values) t)))  ;list is object after #n{
          (when (consp list)                   ;return nth element of list
            (unless (and n (< 0 n (length list))) (setq n 0))
            (setq list (nth n list)))
         list))) =>  T
 #{(1 2 3 4) =>  1
 #3{(0 1 2 3) =>  3
 #{123 =>  123
If it is desired that #$foo : as if it were (dollars foo).

(defun |#$-reader| (stream subchar arg)
   (declare (ignore subchar arg))
   (list 'dollars (read stream t nil t))) =>  |#$-reader|
 (set-dispatch-macro-character #\# #\$ #'|#$-reader|) =>  T

●更多信息:

Section 2.1.4.4 (Macro Characters)

●副作用:

The readtable is modified.

●受制于:

*readtable*.

●例外情况:

For either function, an error is signaled if disp-char is not a dispatching macro character in readtable.

●更多信息:

*readtable*

●说明:

It is necessary to use make-dispatch-macro-character to set up the dispatch character before specifying its sub-characters.


X3J13设计清单非标准部分,可查下面章节:


◇首页 § ◎章节目录 § □内容索引 § ○符号索引 § △术语表 § ※设计草案